Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
It’s a type of cancer of blood and Bone marrow which affects white blood cells, it occurs when bone marrow develops error in its DNA.The word acute in the name of this disease occurs from the fact that it grows rapidly and creates immature blood cells rather that mature ones.The word lymphoblastic refers to white blood cells called lymphocytes. This disease is also known at Acute Lymhoblastic Leukemia.
This disease is the most common type of cancer which happens in children and after treatment, there is a high chance of recovery but in adults chances of getting cured are relatively weak.
- Bleeding from the gums
- Bone pain
- Pale skin
- Shortness of breath
- Fatigue of general decrease in Energy
Many signs of symptoms mentioned above are of flu but if symptoms doesn’s improve then one should decide about doctor consultation.
Causes: It Occurs when bone marrow cells develop error in its DNA, as a result of which cells continue growing and dividing. While a normal cell would stop dividing and ultimately die, the disease cell will lead to the abnormal production of immature cells that would not function properly and crowd out healthy cells. These immature cells that develop in the leukemic white cells are called lymphoblasts. This is not clear how faulty DNA mutations happen but doctors have found that most cases of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia are not inherited.
Risk Factors: Factors that may increase risk of this disease may include:
Previous cancer treatment:if there have been Chemotherapy or radiation therapy for other types of cancer then there is high risk of developing this disease.
Exposure to Radiation: People who are exposed to high degree radiation such as survivors of nuclear accidents may have a high risk of developing Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.
Genetic Disorder: Certain genetic disorders such as down syndrome is associated with an increased risk of this disease.