Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Acute Myeloid Leukemia

It’s a type of Blood Cancer that starts in the bone marrow the soft inner parts of the bone. Though it can happen in other blood-forming cells as well it primarily happens in blood cells that may turn into white cells. Acute Myeloid Leukemia bone marrow cells don’t grow the desired way but it starts generating immature cells that are called blasts.

If proper treatment not given Acute Myeloid Leukemia can spread to blood and other parts of your body, such as your:

  • Lymph Nodes
  • Liver
  • Spleen
  • Brain and Spinal cord
  • Testicles

Your recovery can be better in case of following conditions-

  • Your age is less than 60.
  • At the time of diagnosis, your white blood cell count is lower.
  • You have not had past history of blood disorder or Cancer.
  • You don’t have a certain gene or chromosome changes.

There is no clear reason why AML happens to a person.There are some risk factors that may lead a person to this disease like-

  • Smoking
  • Exposure to certain chemicals such as benzene which is used in oil refineries, ionizing radiation, pesticides, and detergents.
  • Some blood condition such as Myeloproliferative disorder
  • Some Chemotherapy drugs used to treat cancer such as melphalan, mitoxantrone, and doxorubicin.
  • Exposure to high degree of radiation

As there is no clear reason its prevention is difficult but smoking and exposure to chemicals explained above can be avoided to lower risk.

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Headache
  • Usual bleeding
  • Swollen lever or spleen
  • Swollen gums

Acute Myeloid Leukemia Treatment

Since AML spreads faster, it’s important to begin treatment as early as possible. It depends on several things like how much it has spread and your overall health. Treatment can be in two phases- Remission induction therapy-This involves the killing of leukemic cells in your blood and bone marrow so you go into remission with no sign of diseased cells. Further in post-remission therapy remaining infected cells killed if there is any to avoid chances of disease coming back. The main treatment methods are like Chemotherapy, Radiation, and Stem cell transplant. For more related topic click on it Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

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